wooden folk horn

photo: Waldemar Kielichowski © Institute of Music and Dance, Warsaw

Local name: bazuna
Classification: 4 Aerophones / 42 Wind instruments proper / 423 Labrosones (or lip-reed instruments) / 423.1 Natural labrosones / 423.12 Tubular labrosones / 423.121 End-blown labrosones / 423.121.1 End-blown straight labrosones / 423.121.12 End-blown straight labrosones, with mouthpiece
Maker: Mielewczyk Augustyn
Date: 1969
Village / Town: Kartuzy
Region: Pomerania (Cassubia)
Country: Poland
Owner: Museum of Folk Musical Instruments in Szydłowiec
Inventory number: MS/S/28
Description: a kind of horn (conical profile), made from a trunk of a young tree that is cut along in two halves, then each is hollowed, and finally both are put back together with the help of pitch, five hoops made of roots; a semi-spherical mouthpiece modeled on the trombone’s
Measurements: 1567 x 83 mm
Materials: wood
Sound compass, tuning: harmonics (aliquots) uttered by stronger or weaker blowing
Performance practice: formerly used for apotropaic purposes (while making the ritual uproar) and signalling (shepherds, fishermen, firefighters, to signal the beginning of rituals and ceremonies); nowadays as part of folk revival; a symbol of Cassubians' ethnic identity
Catalog card by: Maria Żurowska / Zbigniew J. Przerembski

A Goose Leg, a signal played on two wooden trumpets (bazunas / pl: bazuny); The Kaszuby Regional Song and Dance Ensamble from Kartuzy; rec. 1969; Sources of Polish Folk Music

bazuna; rec. Jacek Jackowski, Ciechanowiec 2007; ISPAN

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