photo: Waldemar Kielichowski © Institute of Music and Dance, Warsaw

Marta Matuszna-Wejchenig, The Golec Brothers Foundation; rec. Maciej Stasiński, Żywiec 2017
Local name: skrzipki
Classification: 3 Chordophones / 32 Composite chordophones / 321 Lutes / 321.3 Handle lutes / 321.32 Necked lutes / 321.322 Necked box lutes or necked guitars / 321.322-71 Necked box lutes or necked guitars sounded by bowing with a bow
Maker: Szwed Franciszek
Date: 1906
Village / Town: Pewel Mała
Region: the Carpathian region (Beskid Żywiecki)
Country: Poland
Owner: The Municipal Museum of Żywiec – The Old Castle, Department of Ethnography
Inventory number: MŻ-E/2347
Description: folk violin modelled on classical violins
Decoration: fingerboard, tailpiece and pegs stained black (to imitate ebony) and varnished
Measurements: 360 x 165 x 105 x 206 x 30 mm
Materials: wood (spruce or fir, sycamore, pear), metal
Inscriptions: inside the body, a label bearing a stamp featuring an inscription in an oval frame saying: Wyrób Skrzypców, Basów / oraz Stolarstwo / Fr: Szwed w Pewli – małej (92) / 16/5 1906 / Poczta Żywiec
Sound compass, tuning: g – d1 – a1 – e2; in bands consisting of violins and bagpipes, the violins were tuned to match the bagpipes' tuning (originally changeable, currently stabilised at F)
Performance practice: key component of folk bands
Catalog card by: Lucjan Grajny / Zbigniew Jerzy Przerembski

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